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CALLISTO distributes an article published in December 2014 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention about a fatal case of Rat-Bite fever in San Diego County, California, USA.

The article, explaining the case and relevant facts on rat-bite fever, is available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6350a8.htm.

CALLISTO informs that Dr Gad Baneth, Hebrew University, partner of the project, recently published an article in the International Journal for Parasitology titled “Tick-borne infections of animals and humans: a common ground”.

The paper is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2014.03.011 and the CALLISTO consortium is acknowledged together with the 7th Framework Programme of the European Union.

Please find at the following link an article, distributed by ProMED mail, concerning E.coli contracted after visiting a petting farm in UK:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2618669/Investigation-launched-four-children-hospitalised-catching-E-coli-lambs-PETTING-FARM.html

Callisto shares with you an article published in PLOS ONE concerning risks of zoonosis from animal contact in pet shops. Authors, belonging to different Research Centres, Public Health Departments and Schools, use a systematic literature review to describe the transmission of zoonotic disease in humans associated with a pet shop or other location selling pet.

To read about results, limitations and conclusions of the study please visit this link or download the pdf here below.

Attachments:
Download this file (Halsby 2014.pdf)Halsby 2014.pdf

Callisto introduces a research article published on Plos One title “Alarming Proportions of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Wound Samples from Companion Animals, Germany 2010–2012”.

Researchers performed a survey during 2010-2013 in Germany to gain knowledge about the occurrence and genotypic variation of MRSA - Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus - among wound swabs of companion animal origin.

The survey included 5,229 samples from 1,170 veterinary practices. Data collected highlight the importance and the impact of S. aureus in general, and MRSA in particular, as a cause of wound infections in dogs, cats and horses in Germany.

To read the article click here.

The European Scientific Counsel for Companion Animal Parasites (ESCCAP) organizes a scientific conference to discuss and examine current issues in Echinococcus-related problems. The Conference will be held in Vilnius, Lithuania, from 8th-9th October, 2014. Please find attached the official press release.

On 14 November 2013 an article was published by Eurosurveillance concerning the trasmission of Salmonella from reptiles to children in Germany, from July 2010 to October 2011. The study concerns the Salmonella status in reptiles kept in households with children suffering from gastroenteritis due to an exotic Salmonella serovar, to collect information on eventual transmission paths.

The article is available at the following link.

CALLISTO shows an article published on 19 November in the BBC News website, section Science & Environment, concerning viruses harbored by fruit bats found in Africa.

The article arises from a recent study developed by a team of scientists, coming from UK, Australia, USA, Ghana and Singapore, studying such zoonotic viruses.

In the study, published in Nature Communications, researchers analyses that henipaviruses, transmittable to animals and humans, and a disease, similar to rabies, are prevalent in this species of fruit bat of Africa.

A potential risk is identified, since the bats, recognized as “mixing pot” for viruses, some of which are zoonotic, settle close to cities and are also hunted.

To read more about this study, visit the following links:

ProMED-mail is a source of information for CALLISTO Think Tank. In recent days various articles were published and distributed by ProMED-mail concerning E. COLI EHEC in Australia. During the Ekka, the annual agricultural show of Queensland (Australia), more than 400.000 visitors were registered. Nine suspected or proven cases of E. COLI were identified among Ekka visitors until Monday 26 August. The Queensland Health is investigating on them.

Articles are available at the following link:
http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20130825.1901782

The newsletter of the Eurropean Commission on "Welfare of companion animals in Europe" talks about CALLISTO in the issue n7/2013

Newsletter is available here.

ProMed-mail – Program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases – distributed data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on West Nile Virus in the US for 2012.

“In 2012, all 48 contiguous states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. A total of 5674 cases of West Nile virus disease in people, including 286 deaths, were reported to CDC” stated the Federal Health Agency.

Total West Nile virus disease cases reported in 2012 resulted to be the highest since 2003 and the number of deaths is the highest since cases of WND were firstly detected in the US in 1999.

The CDC also indicated that during the summer 2012 “…outbreak likely resulted from many factors, including higher-than-normal temperatures that influenced mosquito and bird abundance, the replication of the virus in its host mosquitoes, and interactions of birds and mosquitoes in hard-hit areas.”

West Nile virus is in CALLISTO list of Paradigmatic diseases and ProMED communication deserves the attention of the CALLISTO community. In the communication there is reference to equine animals vaccination to reduce transmission to mosquitos and to public health campaigns to avoid mosquito bites for the prevention of transmission to humans.

To read more http://www.promedmail.org/direct.php?id=20130515.1715749